Sclerotherapy is an injection procedure to treat thread veins. The procedure involves injection of a sterile solution (called a sclerosing solution) into the small veins using a very fine needle. This solution irritates the vein lining causing it to undergo fibrosis and eventually disappear. Many veins are injected at each session. The sclerosing solution used may be either polidocanol (Scleroveins) or sodium tetradecylsulfate (Fibrovein).
Thread veins are most common in women in the age groups 30-50. They may occur during hormone fluctuations of pregnancy and menopause . Thread veins look like a network of small veins. These pink and purple veins usually appear in a lattice pattern and are completely harmless.
Where is the treatment done?
Treatment is usually done in a clinic or hospital. It generally does not require any type of anaesthesia. The patient is asked to come to the clinic in loose fitting clothing and the thread veins are identified. The thread veins are injected with a scleroing solution that will destroy them. The treatment causes minor discomfort.
What chemicals are used for sclerotherapy?
The thread veins are destroyed by injecting a small amount of a sclerosing solution into the vein. The sclerosing solution used may be either polidocanol (Sclerovein) or sodium tetradecylsulfate (Fibrovein). The chemical irritates the small vein and causes it to undergo fibrosis and eventually disappear.
Can sclerotherapy be used to treat large varicose veins?
The treatment of large varicose veins is a little different than for thread veins. The technique of ultrasound guided foaming therapy uses a foamed sclerosant to treat large varicose veins. It has been shown to be a safe and effective method of treating varicose veins leading to long term freedom from troublesome veins.
How many sclerotherapy treatments are required?
It varies from individual to individual but typically 2-4 treatments are required for the best results. In patients with a few veins, 1-2 sessions will suffice. More treatments are required where veins are more numerous and extensive.
Do I have to limit any activity after the treatment?
Walking is recommended soon after the procedure. Normal activities can usually be continued after treatment.
Does sclerotherapy hurt?
There is a little sting associated with each injection which lasts few seconds. Most individuals tolerate the procedure and do not require any type of anaesthesia. The majority of patients claim that the procedure is much less than painful than they anticipated.
What happens if spider veins are not treated?
Absolutely nothing. Thread veins are almost entirely of a cosmetic problem. They do not form blood clots and they do not cause swollen feet. A few people find that their veins cause some aching which is relieved by sclerotherapy.
Can sclerotherapy be done on the arms or face?
A small number of practitioners treat arm and face veins by sclerotherapy, but this is not common practice.
Is there any harm in removing thread veins?
Thread veins have no function and removing does no harm. The only reason they are removed is because of their unsightly appearance.
Can anyone undergo sclerotherapy?
Almost anyone with unwanted spider veins can be treated, except women who are pregnant or nursing. Other relative contraindications include those with skin infections, uncontrolled diabetes, fever, history of deep vein thrombosis, anticoagulant therapy those patients taking corticosteroids.
Is there any preparation required before sclerotherapy?
No preparation is required before the procedure (Please do not present under the influence of alcohol or drug).
What happens after sclerotherapy treatment?
There is some mild pain which can easily be overcome with paracetamol or Nurofen. The injected site will appear bruised and swollen for a few days. We (AAClinic) advise client’s to use a compression stockings and bandages after treatment in order to minimise bruising and maximise the benefit of treatment. The bruising usually disappears in 2-3 weeks. Most patients can resume their normal activities soon after treatment.
How long is each sclerotherapy session?
Treatment sessions usually last 30 – 60 minutes.
When can the treatment be done?
Sclerotherapy is an elective procedure and can be done whenever you want them to be done. The procedure does not take more than 30-60 mins and can even be done during a lunch break. Treatment is done at our clinic and you can resume most activities shortly after each session.
What are side effects of sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy leads to few side effects other than a little discomfort and some bruising. Severe allergic reactions are rare. A few people may develop intense itching at the site of injection. Ulcer is seen in very rare cases.
Does insurance cover sclerotherapy?
Unsure. Adexcel Aesthetics does not take insurance, all the treatments and procedures shall be billed to you in your name.